Guinea Conakry

Ministry in charge of Investments and Public Private Partnership

Sector Overview: Agriculture

Guinea’s agricultural sector has great potential and may serve as the engine for eventual accelerated growth and sustainable employment creation. This potential can ensure food security in the country, increase revenues from exports, mainly from cash crops, and facilitate profitable investments with high added value.

Identified as a key growth sector as well as mining and energy, the agricultural sector has, in recent days, undergone diversification trends with the revival of cotton farming and the development of rubber and palm plantations. Since 2007, the Government adopted a National Agricultural Development Policy (PNDA). Based on the National Agriculture Investment and Food Security Plan (PNIASA), this policy is aimed at developing a modern, sustainable, productive and competitive agriculture on the intra-community and international markets. The private sector plays a leading role in achieving these objectives, particularly in the areas of procurement, production, marketing and agricultural services.

Competitive advantages

The diversity in climate, water resources and the fertility of the subsoil give Guinea a natural comparative advantage in growing a wide variety of crops.

The Potentiel of land, where water control is possible is also considerable. It is estimed at 520.000 ha including 140.000 ha of land in magrove and rear mangrove and 200.000 ha of alluvial fluvial pains.

An area of 24,6 million hectares, Guinea has 6,2 millions hectares of arable land, of which only 50% is exploited. Of the 364.000 hectares of irrigable land, only 30.200 are currently being exploited.

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